Family-provided care can occur in two ways: Either elders at home with family members providing them with assistance or the elder move into a family member's home. In either situation, in-home professional health workers may still be needed to provide care during work hours or other times when responsible family members cannot be present.
There are three main categories of in-home workers: housekeepers and chore workers, homemakers, and health aides. Housekeeping and chore workers are hired to take care of basic household tasks, including getting the laundry done, dusting, cleaning, doing yard work, or running errands. Homemakers assist with more in-depth household management and may do tasks including meal preparation, personal care services (such as assisting with bathing or dressing), and making sure that medication gets taken at scheduled times. A homemaker may be employed directly by the elder or family or work for an agency.